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How to lay floor panels by yourself? Instruction – step by step.

How to lay floor panels by yourself? Instruction – step by step.

Published on - September 16, 2019

Floor panels are a very popular method for finishing the floor. We encounter panels in many houses and apartments every day. The correct positioning of the panels shouldn’t be difficult and time-consuming, but for those inexperienced, it may cause a lot of trouble.

Step-by-step assembly:

First prepare the substrate, floor panels, room, and painting accessories.

You should store floor panels in a dry room, at room temperature between 18-22 degrees C. If you decided to lay the panels during winter, you should avoid unnecessary interior ventilation. During this period, we recommend that the material should stay for about 48 hours in the room in which it will be installed. Thanks to this, the material will reach the same humidity level and temperature as its surrounding. This will prevent the material from bending during its use. Manufacturers say that an air temperature of 12 degrees C and lower may adversely affect the substance. The room should have a humidity of around 50-60%. A humidity above 65% can have a negative impact on panels and cause them to bend later.

Remember to buy more quantity of panels than the one that results from your measurements. Usually, it is 10-15%, that could be more due to the waste generated during their assembly. Usually, the rooms are not perfectly squared, which can lead to numerous cuts.

Thoroughly clean the surface on which the panels will be laid.

Before installing the floor, purchase the following mounting accessories:

  • vapour barrier foil 0.2 mm thick,
  • underlay,
  • wedge spacers,
  • saw,
  • rubber hammer,
  • wooden block,
  • nails, screws, or glue for skirting boards.

Lay the foil and underlay the panels

Start installing the panels

Most often, we arrange the panels perpendicular to the main, natural light source. The exception may be the unusual shape of the room or the desire to achieve a specific visual effect (e.g. in long interiors, its optical extension). When laying the panels, we need to leave an expansion gap of 1-1.5 cm around the walls so that the material can "work". To keep the gap, use wedge spacers which are removed only after laying the entire floor.

The installation of floor panels always starts from the corner of the room, connecting individual elements with a latch. From time to time we hit the floor elements using a rubber hammer and a wooden block so that no unnecessary breaks arise between them. Using a hammer alone can damage panel grooves.

To achieve the desired visual effect and improve floor stability, successive rows of panels should start in the middle, of the length, of the boards. Making the appropriate measurements, the last panels in the administration should be cut using a saw. It is advised to cut the floor panel from the upper side. This way you will avoid chipping out the edges.

Attach the baseboards

Once you have the floor laid, finish it with skirting boards. We always attach them to the wall, although the method of installation may be different for various causes. We usually use thin nails, mounting glue, or wall plugs for the attachment process. If you would like to hide the electric wires inside baseboards, choose models with a masking insertion.

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