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Floor panels are a very popular method for finishing the floor. We encounter panels in many houses and apartments every day. The correct positioning of the panels shouldn’t be difficult and time-consuming, but for those inexperienced, it may cause a lot of trouble.

Step-by-step assembly:

First prepare the substrate, floor panels, room, and painting accessories.

You should store floor panels in a dry room, at room temperature between 18-22 degrees C. If you decided to lay the panels during winter, you should avoid unnecessary interior ventilation. During this period, we recommend that the material should stay for about 48 hours in the room in which it will be installed. Thanks to this, the material will reach the same humidity level and temperature as its surrounding. This will prevent the material from bending during its use. Manufacturers say that an air temperature of 12 degrees C and lower may adversely affect the substance. The room should have a humidity of around 50-60%. A humidity above 65% can have a negative impact on panels and cause them to bend later.

Remember to buy more quantity of panels than the one that results from your measurements. Usually, it is 10-15%, that could be more due to the waste generated during their assembly. Usually, the rooms are not perfectly squared, which can lead to numerous cuts.

Thoroughly clean the surface on which the panels will be laid.

Before installing the floor, purchase the following mounting accessories:

Lay the foil and underlay the panels

Start installing the panels

Most often, we arrange the panels perpendicular to the main, natural light source. The exception may be the unusual shape of the room or the desire to achieve a specific visual effect (e.g. in long interiors, its optical extension). When laying the panels, we need to leave an expansion gap of 1-1.5 cm around the walls so that the material can "work". To keep the gap, use wedge spacers which are removed only after laying the entire floor.

The installation of floor panels always starts from the corner of the room, connecting individual elements with a latch. From time to time we hit the floor elements using a rubber hammer and a wooden block so that no unnecessary breaks arise between them. Using a hammer alone can damage panel grooves.

To achieve the desired visual effect and improve floor stability, successive rows of panels should start in the middle, of the length, of the boards. Making the appropriate measurements, the last panels in the administration should be cut using a saw. It is advised to cut the floor panel from the upper side. This way you will avoid chipping out the edges.

Attach the baseboards

Once you have the floor laid, finish it with skirting boards. We always attach them to the wall, although the method of installation may be different for various causes. We usually use thin nails, mounting glue, or wall plugs for the attachment process. If you would like to hide the electric wires inside baseboards, choose models with a masking insertion.

Need flooring contractor near Glasgow? Call FIX LTD today.

It is worth changing the interior of our apartment from time to time. The easiest way to do so is by painting the walls. At first glance, this process may seem simple, but for untrained and unprepared people it can cause a lot of problems. In today's article, you will learn how to prepare and effectively paint an apartment.

What do you need to paint the walls and ceiling?

Below is a list of materials that we need to buy when starting the painting process:

• painting foil

• paint rollers - we use them to paint large areas, relatively smooth wall surfaces. The smoother the wall, the shorter the roller should be.

• painting tray

• telescopic painting stick

• small paintbrush - used to paint difficult to reach places

• large paintbrush - used to distribute the paint in the corners

• paint – you must choose its type to the surface you will paint. You will find more information on paint selection later in the article. Remember to mix the paint well before painting. If necessary, we can slightly dilute it with water.

• undercoat and grout - in the event of a radical change in the wall colour

If repairs of the walls are necessary, we must also purchase:

• spatula

• sandpaper

• sanding net

• finishing coat or plaster

What kind of paint should I choose?

An extremely important factor that influences the final painting effect is the right choice of paint. We select it according to the structure type of the wall that we intend to paint and also to the conditions of the room. Different paint should be used in the living room than in the bathroom. We should count the number of m2 which we want to paint and buy the right amount of product, keeping a 10-15% surplus. On each packaging, we will find a paint performance, and with this data, we can assemble how much m2 will it cover. It's best to choose the ones with the best performance, thanks to which we will save time on repainting and get a better final result. Some manufacturers state that the paint will cover the walls after the first painting, however, we do recommend painting the walls twice.

We describe the characteristics of the most popular paints on the market below:

How to prepare an apartment for painting?

In the beginning walls and ceilings which we plan on painting should be thoroughly cleaned. Move away all of the furniture to the middle of the room or take them out. Take care of securing your furniture, windows, chandeliers, and the floor with painting foil. To prevent dust from entering other rooms, secure the door with a special zipped-up cover. Using painting tape secure: sockets, skirtings, windows frames, and other elements. Using the same adhesive, separate the places where the colours combine.

How to prepare the surfaces for painting?

It is extremely important to properly prepare the surface for the painting process. If we notice any damaged wall elements, fix them. Fill the defects with a finishing coat or plaster to obtain an even surface. Patching holes is a process of thickening the surface. The walls should be levelled with sandpaper. If there is any glue residue left from the previously used glue products like so-called dry paint or wallpapers, we have to thoroughly remove them from the surface of the walls using a spatula. If it was acrylic or latex paint, it is enough to thoroughly clean the walls of dust. It is extremely important to get clearly defined borders between colours. If we want to paint a wall in a colour similar to the previous one, cleaning the wall of dust will be sufficient. However, if we want to radically change the colour (e.g. from dark brown to white), first we should apply undercoat paint and prime the walls. Thanks to this, we will effectively remove an old colour. This process will make it easier for the wall to adapt the new paint.

How to paint an apartment?

If we have already bought the necessary materials, prepared the apartment and all surfaces for painting. We can start.

• We start the painting process by painting all the corners with a large paintbrush.

• Use a small paintbrush to paint the areas around the window frames.

• Then paint the ceilings using a large roller and a telescopic pole.

• Paint the area around the sockets, baseboards, and chandeliers with a small paintbrush.

• Using a roller, paint wide stripes of interior paint. Remember to spread the paint well over the entire width of the roller. We paint with smooth movements - from top to bottom. You should paint to get an even surface.

• Use a small roller or paintbrush to paint areas that are difficult to access (e.g. behind radiators).

• Remove the painting tape.

After we finish the first layer, there should be a day-long break before we paint the same area again.

Need building advice? Call FIX LTD from Glasgow today.

Usually, floor panels should serve us many years if we care for them properly. We can repair most of the visible damages by ourselves. However, we do recommend leaving the scraping process to the specialists. Sanding the panels evenly is tricky work. Renovation costs will be much lower compared to the laying of completely new panels. We present some valuable tips.

How to care for floor panels?

Let's keep our floor panels clean. Scratches and damages are most often caused by sand applied from the outside. Let's wash and vacuum them as often as possible. We should pick floor panels with adequate durability, choosing them specifically for the room where they will be laid.  For home conditions, we recommend buying AC3 or AC4 class panels. In busier places, such as the hall or living room, the most durable panels are AC5 class. High hardness panels are scratch-resistant and are suitable for sanding. We should regularly use polish and wax pastes so that our panels do not lose their shine and stay properly protected.

Are you wondering how to renew floor panels? Here are some effective ways.

What if floor panels have deep-seated, irreversible damages?

If the surface of the panels has been severely damaged, there’s nothing to do but to replace fragments of the floor. To avoid the disassembly of the whole area, it is best to cut out a fragment with a sharp tool (e.g. wood jigsaw, angle grinder) and insert a new panel. However, to get the perfect look, we have to dismantle the moulding skirting boards and remove all panels to the place where we want to fix them.

Have questions? Call FIX LTD from Glasgow, for more information.

Flat renovation: how many materials do I have to buy?

Before starting the renovation, carefully write down all materials needed for its proper execution. Accurate dimensioning of the rooms is extremely important so that we can calculate the right amount of materials and do not expose ourselves to additional costs. Plan in order to keep a certain stock of materials, especially when it comes to tiles, terracotta or small building materials such as nails or screws. Usually, you need to buy 10-15% more materials than the quantity resulting from your measurements. Thanks to this, You might avoid unnecessary trips to the stores, which will also drag out the time of your renovation work.

Shopping is worth consulting with a trusted and experienced renovation company.

Thanks to their many years of experience, advice from specialized renovation companies on the selection of the best finishing materials can be priceless. Before making a purchase, we recommend asking sellers about any warranties, complaints and if the option of returning unused goods is considered. If you do not have enough funds to fully cover the costs of an apartment renovation, consider taking out a loan for this purpose. In the case of apartments bought from the primary market, these funds are usually granted together with a mortgage. When planning a home renovation, higher costs should be expected.

Do you want to change the interior design? Is it time to renovate or remodel your home?

We have prepared an example evaluation of a standard renovation of a 50-meter apartment with an average quality finish.

The flat consists of the following rooms:

• kitchen: 10 m2

• bathroom: 7 m2.

• living room: 17 m2

• bedroom: 11 m2

• hall: 5 m2

In the following example, some rooms will only be refreshed, and in others, we will carry out a general renovation. Floors, windows and doors will be replaced with new ones. We will buy new sanitary equipment, appliances for the bathroom and necessary kitchen equipment. The property will be given a modern look and equipped with decent quality gear. The ceilings and walls will be painted.

The following calculations relate to a self-made renovation, they don't include labour costs.

How much does bathroom renovation cost?

Renovation work to be carried out in the 7m2 bathroom is:

The total renovation of the bathroom was 1302F. We selected materials from the most popular construction stores in Glasgow.

How much does a kitchen renovation cost?

Renovation work to be carried out in a 10 m2 kitchen is:

The cost of a basic kitchen renovation: 1645 F.

For more information check FIX LTD - local kitchen installers from Glasgow.

How much does a living room renovation cost?

Renovation work to be carried out in a 17 m2 living room is:

Replacement of windows - installation of a three-leaf window + balcony door: 420 F.

Purchase of doors (without frames)- 150 F.

Breaking off an old floor and laying the panels - 120 F.

Painting of the walls and ceiling - 80 F.

The total cost of renovating the living room was - 770 F.

How much does a bedroom renovation cost?

Adding all of the above costs, we will spend - 470F.

How much does a hall renovation cost?

Renovation works in the 5m2 hall are:

You will pay about 620F for new doors, floor, and the painting of walls and ceiling.

The estimated cost of materials needed for the renovation of the flat presented was: 4337F

Would like to know more? Get some building advice from FIX LTD from Glasgow.

Proper preparation is the key to successfully renovating a home on our own. The consequences of not having a coherent plan could be dramatic. Significant budget overruns, exceeding the deadlines, unsatisfied final effects, littering the area, wall collapse or the need to renew a devastated staircase and elevator, are just some of the consequences of unsupervised planning. When carrying out construction work, it is key to protect the work that had already be done.

What is worth remembering before starting any construction works?

From what should we start the complete renovation of our house?

1. Installation of all the lights in the building. If you already have an old installation, check its condition and make any necessary repairs or replace it with a new one. Plan out the lighting so that different rooms give a different interior climate. The most frequently used lighting in the kitchen and bathroom, are the brightest ones. As for the bedroom and living room it is better to use a warmer tone.

2. Routing hydraulic and central heating connections.

3. Making new walls.

4. Making screeds.

5. Wall plastering.

6. Installation of suspended ceilings, filling.

7. Installation of the bathtub, shower tray, fitting of sanitary ceramics.

8. Laying and grouting of tiles.

9. Installation of a washbasin, battery or toilet bowl.

10. Priming and first painting of walls and ceilings.

11. Laying floors. If it is a parquet floor - also sanding.

12. Varnishing, waxing or oiling a parquet.

13. Installation of doors and baseboards; second painting, wallpapering.

14. Installation of: kitchen and AGD appliances, built-in furniture, electrical equipment, lamps and curtain rods.

15. Retouching of damaged places, any amendments.

Are You looking for recommended house renovation contractor from Glasgow? View our long history here and contact us for a free no-obligation quotation.

Expert tips for those who are planning constructions or renovations, do-it-yourself enthusiasts and designers.

The blog with expert renovation and construction advice created for all of those who are planning to renovate or remodel their apartment, house and premises.

You will get to know what should be put into the preparation of renovating your real estate. You will learn approximate costs of the labour and building materials so that you can properly estimate the resources needed to renovate the kitchen, bathroom or attic.

If You like to execute small home repairs or renovation works independently, you can count on our full support. Certainly, you will find something for yourself. Excellent advice on the best ways on how to carry out construction works will save your time and guarantee a perfect outcome.

If you design interiors, you'll find plenty of useful information. Knowing about the ways of house renovating, approximate costs and the latest trends among materials will allow you to offer the best solutions for Your customers.

FIX LTD – we are a team of home renovation experts

We are a professional renovation company from Glasgow.  Basing on our long-term experience, we want to share our knowledge and experience. We specialize in services such as; full house renovations and remodelling’s, kitchen installations, bathroom installations, plumbing services, electrical services, basement conversions, gas services, roofing services, tiling services and damp proofing’s.

For more information, see the service tabs. Our specialists are available to you during business days from 9 am to 5 pm.

Do you need additional knowledge?

Do you want to renovate your apartment? We're here to help you.

Don't hesitate, contact us on +44 780 260 86 57 or by an email: [email protected].

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